A Database Administrator (DBA) plays a lead role in maintaining the efficiency, integrity and security of various types of databases. Database administrators are responsible for the troubleshooting, monitoring, documenting, and debugging of databases using a DBMS, or database management system. With the increasing use of the database, vacancies for this position are rising in the public sector and local or central government companies. With the rising popularity of telecommuting, most Database Administrators have the option to solve the majority of database issues in the comfort of their home.
Depending on experience, qualifications, and knowledge of programming, the salary of a DBA will be based on their performance and problem solving capabilities. Along with a bachelor’s degree related to computer science, acquiring additional certification from reputable organizations is also important when looking to be competitive in this career field.
Job growth is expected to rise 21% or more in the next ten years making the job security for this career field very strong and resistant to economical fluctuations. This is due to the fact the more and more smaller and independent companies are looking to establish or reestablish new database systems.*
*According to the BLS, http://www.bls.gov/oco/
Education, certifications, and prior work experience is a contributing factor when calculating salary potential for a DBA. The proven rapport maintained in previous companies will also directly correlate to salary; the size of the company will also be a constituent when calculating these potentials.
According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, the top 10% of Database Administrators earned over $90,000 in 2008. The bottom 10% earned less than $45,000, median salary is between $69,000 and $ 71,550 per year. Database Administrators employed by the government made around $98,000 per year, compared to others who worked in community based business who earned a mean of $77,770 per year. Database Administrators who are employed by private investors and other independent companies earned an average of around $85,000 per year.*
*According to the BLS, http://www.bls.gov/oco/
In addition to the base salaries, a DBA can expect to maintain good health insurance, vacation time, 401k and stock options; the extent of these benefits directly correlate to the aforesaid salary requirements and the length in which the DBA has been with a certain company.
Training and Education Requirements
To be considered for a Database Administrator position, most employees require that you achieve a bachelor’s degree with a computer-science related major. Further qualifications such as previous DBA experience may be required for more prestigious and advanced positions in this career field. Furthermore MS (Microsoft) SQL (structured query language) certifications may be required.
Curriculum for a DBA will include computer science, software engineering, information technology, mathematics, operational research, electronics, and computer engineering. When pursuing this career, it is important to decide which specific sector or businesses to work for. Researching and actively engaging in new avenues of computer language and other information technologies is also important when considering DBA as a career. Internships and apprenticeships are one avenue that many students and post-graduates alike pursue.
As the information of technology is constantly changing and updating itself, it is crucial to be aware of all new methods, modes, trends, and techniques which are being invented and applied as we speak. Partaking in further, advanced studies is another practical idea.
Job Descriptions and Outlook
Instituting the demands of users and monitoring their access and security is crucial for a DBA. By monitoring and managing parameters and providing efficient responses to front-end users, designing systematic concepts for planned databases will be made easier for all involved parties. It is also important for a DBA to be organized when relaying to co-workers how to access information while maintaining virtual simplicity.
A Database Administrator should also maintain a creative viewpoint when devising and refining old designs to be compatible to newer operating systems. It is also important for a DBA to test the current DBMS (database management systems) and confirm the security of privileged information by enforcing restriction procedures. of a paralegal. Due to the fact that paralegals do not charge as much as lawyers while offering the same services, they often do better during recessions. Being familiar with the Data Protection Act and documenting detailed procedures is also another duty for a DBA. They must also testing recovery software and procedures while coordinating with IT project managers and programmers. Overall the Database Administrator oversees the application of all newly introduced technologies, analyze them, and configure them, if they do not meet required company bylaws.
There are many certifications required for a DBA. The Oracle Corporation, currently offers three levels of certification, which includes OC (Oracle Certified) OC-Associate, OC-Professional, and OC-Master levels of certification. Microsoft also offers certifications which include MC (Microsoft Certified) Tech. specialist SQL Server 2005, MC-IT professional, and MC- Architect. The MCA and OCM require approval and are a prestigious certification which is rarely given in the late stages of an DBA career.
- Oracle Corporation offers OCA, OCP, and OCM certifications
- Microsoft Corporation has available MSTS: SQL Server 2005, MCITP, and MCA certifications.
- MySQL offers MySQL 5.0 DP and MySQL 5.0 DA certifications.